Again, employing a similar experimental design, the researchers asked 450 participants to rate the faces used in the first experiment (clean-shaven men displaying happiness, clean-shaven men displaying anger, bearded men displaying happiness, and bearded men displaying anger) on measures of aggressiveness, masculinity, and prosociality.
In a similar study from the United Kingdom, 83% of police officers felt that the profiles they received were operationally useful, but only 14% helped solve the case.
Brigard suggests that the many people's intuitive preference not to plug into the experience machine, in Nozick's version of the thought experiment, may well not have to do with the importance of retaining contact with reality or with the incorrectness of hedonism (or, it could be added, with the wrongness of subjectivism about meaning in life).
The question, I’ll try to answer is, is it ethical to charge higher prices for women’s versions of personal care products? First, the very premise on which it is based, that women are willing to pay more than men for personal care products is suspect.
Shaw describes current research about aggression to present “everyday sadism,” with the conclusion that “there is no such thing as an evil brain, an evil personality or an evil trait… ultimately, we find ourselves knee-deep in complicated and nuanced aspects of humanity.” Hitler was not as different from the rest of us as we'd like him to be, she says.
Next time you’re at a dinner party, try the following experiment: Ask people to raise their hands to indicate whether they believe they’re at greater risk, equal risk, or less risk than the average person of their same age, gender, and background for virtually any common negative event, from having a heart attack to being mugged.
By designing the problems in this way Luchins was able to explore whether the person’s experience of solving the first five problems prevented them from realizing that the subsequent ones could be solved by this simpler solution.
In a new set of studies , Ed O’Brien and Samantha Kassirer found that people experienced more happiness giving to others than receiving the same gifts themselves.
For instance, a 2017 YouGov poll revealed that Republicans are much less likely (31 percent) than Democrats (65 percent) to view sexual harassment as a very serious issue in society.
For example, when in the midst of a tip-of-the-tongue state, people thought that the word that they could not think of was more likely to have been associated with a higher value number earlier on in the experiment, even though that was not the case. The moment that the tip-of-the-tongue feeling is occurring may actually not be a negative experience.
According to the Dutch research team, children who are fated to become high in narcissism “feel superior to others, believe they are entitled to privileges, and crave admiration.” They expect to be lavished with inflated praise, and when their parents provide it non-stop, may become more narcissistic over time.
Moreover, research has found that people are comfortable saying disgust can co-exist alongside moral approval (If you’re grossed out by something a person does, you might not say it’s wrong). But inhibiting disgust didn’t reduce people’s disapproval of other kinds of moral violations like lying.